WEINREICH, MAX


WEINREICH, MAX
WEINREICH, MAX (1894–1969), Yiddish linguist, historian, editor. Born in Kuldiga (Latvia), Weinreich made his debut as a Yiddish writer at the age of 13, and became a contributor to various Yiddish, Russian, German, and later English publications. After studying at the universities of St. Petersburg and Berlin, he completed a doctoral thesis on the history of Yiddish philology at the University of Marburg (1923; Geschichte der jiddischen Sprachforschung, 1993). Early in his career Weinreich became a prominent educator in various capacities, ranging from the teaching of Yiddish literature at the Vilna Yiddish Teachers' Seminary to serving as leader of a Yiddish scouting movement, Di Bin ("The Bee"). He was instrumental in giving Yiddish linguistics a solid, scholarly footing. Co-founder with nokhem shtif , elias tcherikover , and zalmen rejzen of the yivo Institute (1925), and yivo 's guiding spirit, he was largely responsible for its achieving a worldwide reputation. As director   of YIVO's Research Training Division and organizer of its graduate school, Weinreich successfully educated young Yiddish scholars, among them, his son, uriel weinreich . At the World Congress of Linguistics in Copenhagen (1936), he lectured on "Yiddish as an Object of General Linguistics," and in 1940, he immigrated with his son Uriel to the U.S., where he became the country's first university professor of Yiddish, teaching Yiddish language, literature, and folklore at the College of the City of New York and Columbia University, while serving as the scholarly director of YIVO. Weinreich's wide array of books and studies include his magnum opus, Geshikhte fun der Yidisher Shprakh ("History of the Yiddish Language," 4 vols., 1973; Engl. transl. of vols. 1–2, 1980), the culmination of a half century of research on Yiddish sociolinguistics, tracing the thousand-year development of Ashkenazi culture and the Yiddish language as integral to the Jewish way of life. He studied the development of Yiddish from its origins in Germany, through Eastern Europe and into the second diaspora, creating the basic concepts and theoretical tools of the linguistic study of Jewish languages. Prominent among his other works are Hitlers Profesorn (1947; English transl. 1946) – probably the best documented indictment of German scholarship during the Nazi regime; Shturemvint ("Tempest," 1927), sketches on 17th-century Jewish history; Bilder fun der Yidisher Literatur-Geshikhte ("Sketches from the History of Yiddish Literature," 1928); Der Veg tsu Undzer Yugnt ("Path to Our Youth," 1935), a socio-psychological study of Jewish youth in Eastern Europe; and Di Shvartse Pintelekh ("Black Dots," 1939), a history of alphabets. Weinreich translated Homer, Freud, and Ernst Toller into Yiddish and edited the periodicals Yidishe Filologye (1924–26), Filologishe Shriftn (1926–29), Yivo-Bleter (1931–50), and the critical edition of S. Ettinger 's works, N. Stutchkoff 's Oytser fun der Yidisher Shprakh ("Thesaurus of the Yiddish Language"), Y.L. Cahan's Shtudyes vegn Yidisher Folkshafung ("Studies in Yiddish Folklore"), and Yidishe Folkslider mit Melodyes ("Yiddish Folksongs with Melodies"). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: For Max Weinreich on his Seventieth Birthday: Studies in Jewish Languages, Literature and Society (1964), incl. bibl.; LNYL, 3 (1960); M. Schaechter, in: Goldene Keyt, 50 (1964), 157–71; L.S. Dawidowicz, in: AJYB, 70 (1969), 59–68. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.C. Frakes, in: M. Weinreich, Geschichte der jiddischen Sprachforschung (1993), vii-xxiv. (Mordkhe Schaechter / Jean Baumgarten (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Weinreich, Max — (1894 1969)    American scholar. He was born in Kuldiga, Latvia. He served as research director of YIVO in Vilna from 1925, and later at the institute s new centre in New York. From 1947 he was professor at City College, New York. He published… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Max Weinreich — (22 April 1894, Kuldīga, Russian Empire, now Latvia 29 January 1969, New York City, USA) was a linguist, specializing in the Yiddish language, and the father of the linguist Uriel Weinreich, who edited the Modern Yiddish English English Yiddish… …   Wikipedia

  • Max Weinreich — (* 22. April 1894 in Kuldiga, Russisches Kaiserreich; † 29. Januar 1969 in New York) war ein auf Jiddisch spezialisierter Sprachwissenschaftler. Max Weinreich studierte in Sankt Petersburg, Berlin und Marburg. 1923 promovierte er bei Ferdinand… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Weinreich — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bernd Weinreich (* 1948), Komponist und Musikwissenschaftler Frank Weinreich (* 1962), deutscher Autor Hans Weinreich (* 1896–1963), SS Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei, Chef der Technische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • WEINREICH, URIEL — (1925–1967), Yiddish and general linguist, editor, and educator. Despite his early death, he left behind him the equivalent of several lifetimes of research and creativity – an unbelievably wide range of investigations. Born in Vilna, the son of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Weinreich — is a surname, and may refer to: * Max Weinreich * Uriel Weinreichee also* Weinrich …   Wikipedia

  • Weinreich, Uriel — (1925 67)    American scholar of linguistics, editor and educator, son of Max Weinreich. He was born in Vilna, and emigrated to the US in 1940. He became professor of Yiddish language, liter ature and culture at Columbia University in 1959. His… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Uriel Weinreich — (* 23. Mai 1926 in Vilnius; † 30. März 1967 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Linguist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Schriften 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Uriel Weinreich — ( yi. אוריאל ווײַנרײַך lrm;; 1926 – 30 March 1967) was a linguist at Columbia University. Born in Vilnius (then part of Poland and now capital of Lithuania), he earned his Ph.D. from Columbia, and went on to teach there, specializing in Yiddish… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Wei — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia